We define gingival recession as the loss or retraction of part of the gum that surrounds and covers a large part of the tooth. Thus, a part of the tooth is exposed, leaving its root visible. There are various causes of gingival recession. The most common ones are, among others: dental plaque, incorrect brushing techniques, genetic factors, dental malposition, bad habits (biting nails, pencils or other objects), etc.
We could mention some of the consequences most commonly observed in clinical centres. Dental sensitivity is one of the most common, as the root is exposed and there is greater proximity to the pulp chamber, which is where the nerves are located; this increases the sensation of pain. Another of the most traumatic problems for the patient, which can occur at a general level in the mouth, is the loss of teeth.
To solve this situation, once it has arisen, there are basically two types of treatment:
- Conservative treatmentThe use of a series of healthy habits and hygiene techniques can prevent the progression of this problem. In case of tooth sensitivity, it is recommended to use special toothpastes to reduce it. The following may be necessary endodontic treatments if there is a lot of pain.
- Surgical treatmentby means of connective tissue grafting, a periodontal surgery This is a very basic procedure that usually has no complications. It is carried out by removing healthy tissue from the active area of the palate and attaching it to the area where the gingival recessions or recessions are found.