Dentistry and sport

A simple toothache can cause a professional athlete to underperform, so it is necessary to avoid such situations. Coaches, doctors, dieticians and other health professionals such as doctors, nurses and other health care professionals can help to avoid such situations. dentistsThe dental care system, which helps them to get their musculoskeletal, respiratory and circulatory systems in shape, but there is one area that athletes all too often neglect: dental health and its importance in achieving their goals.


What is the relationship between oral problems and physical performance?

The condition of the teeth, as well as reflecting the general state of health, is directly related to sporting performance. It is rare for an athlete to be unable to train or compete because of phlegmon or toothache, situations that can be avoided simply by regular dental check-ups. But even if they do not have to withdraw from competition, the physical discomfort of dental conditions and nervousness about an unforeseen medical problem will certainly affect their level of performance.

What dental problems occur most frequently in athletes?

The most common are tooth decay and periodontal diseases, which lead to significant oral infections and can be very painful. A healthy mouth helps the body function better and facilitates chewing and digestion of food, as well as proper support of the neck and chest muscles. Dental health can help an athlete to perform at his or her best.


Is there a link between malocclusions and sports performance?

Poorly positioned teeth can cause serious problems for athletes. Studies show that athletes with impacted wisdom teeth are four times more likely to suffer a fractured jaw during competitions.

An incorrect fit of the teeth can lead to alterations in the breathing of the athletes (mouth breathers) which can considerably increase fatigue during the tests. The use of mouth appliances to stabilise the jaw joints is also being studied in order to improve the interactions between the muscles of the upper body and thus improve athletic performance.


Are there any regimes or habits in athletes that may be detrimental to oral health?

It is possible that many sugary drinks for athletes are conducive to dental disease, such as tooth decay, as they tend to be high in sugar and acidic, creating the ideal environment for bacteria to work and form cavities.

Are there factors to prevent dental trauma?

Mouthguards are extremely effective in reducing or eliminating these painful and mutilating injuries. A good mouthguard made and fitted by a dentist offers the athlete the best possible combination of comfort and safety. With today's techniques, it is possible to obtain mouthguards that fit the mouth exactly, do not cause nausea and do not hinder speech. The best ones are custom-made by the dentist, who will make them according to the risk of the sport being practised.

Do mouthguards only prevent dental trauma?

In the opinion of many professionals, these devices not only serve to protect teeth, but also reduce the incidence and severity of concussions. Mouthguards can also reduce some of the impact of a blow.


As these are serious injuries that can force the athlete into premature retirement, it is important to do everything possible to avoid them.